Know the 6 Types of Sands used in Construction

Know the 6 Types of Sands used in Construction

Sand is the main material used in building construction. There are many types of sand used in construction, which provide strength and other properties to building materials, making buildings strong and rigid. Construction sand and gravel are widely used to prepare concrete for building construction.

Sand can be easily compressed, making it widely used for wall reinforcement and certain types of grounding or flooring. However, the sand should be mixed with the other materials in the proper amount. If the amount of sand used exceeds the specified amount, the sand may become heavier and the desired effect may not be obtained.

It reduces stability and resistance. When choosing sand for building construction, it is most important to choose sand that is free of rocks and other impurities. Let's take a look at some types of sand used in construction.

River sand or natural sand

River sand corresponds to high quality construction sand near river banks and streams. This sand is white gray, one of the finest sands used in building construction. They are mainly used for concrete and masonry work. It can also be used for RCC, plastering, and many other brick and block operations. This sand is composed of a smoother texture and better grain shape. Rivers and natural sand require very little water. The water trapped between these particles serves a variety of specific purposes. Medium quality river sand is composed of 5-20% silt content.

River sand is cheap because it is obtained naturally. This type of sand used for construction contains silica. Therefore, before using it for construction, it is necessary to check the amount of silica present and ensure that it is less than 5%.


M-Sand is an abbreviation for manufactured sand, a type of sand used in construction in India. This type of construction sand is manufactured at the factory. It can be used as a substitute for concrete river sand. Manufactured sand has been used since the demand for good quality sand surged. This type of construction sand is prepared by crushing hard granite, which reduces transportation costs for transporting sand from river beds. It contains horny particles that enhance the strength of concrete. These horny particles present in the sand increase the demand for water. This water demand can be supplemented by adding cement content. Manufactured artificially, it has zero silt content. There are no oversized materials for these types of construction sand.

This is another type of construction sand that can be easily obtained. Manufactured and non-natural, it is free of some impurities and the size of the sand grains can be freely controlled for any purpose. Since they are manufactured in a controlled environment, this sand is unlikely to be incorporated and the quality of M sand production is better controlled. M-sand is durable and gives concrete high strength. It is very economical and reduces structural defects.

Concrete sand

Concrete sand is a type of Indian sand made from crushed concrete. It is a common ingredient in cement and asphalt mixtures. This sand is crushed in a quarry and filtered to remove large rocks and giant debris. A type of coarse sand that can be mixed with cement or water and is used for leveling base layers, patios and boardwalks. When mixed with cement and water, it forms a solid mass and is used to fill the voids between coarse aggregates. It has smaller particles than crushed sand and can be used for soft pavement. However, since it is larger than white sand, it can also be used as a filler. The size and texture of this sand make it an ideal material for many purposes. It provides the building with basic stability.

Pit sand

Pit sand is a type of sand used in construction due to its excellent bonding properties and is ideal for building construction. It is coarse sand that is 2-3 meters underground. Naturally obtained from deep pits. It is composed of coarse, sharp, angled and coarse particles that provide excellent binding properties. They appear reddish orange due to the presence of iron oxide. The particles of this construction sand are salt-free and therefore do not easily react with moisture present in the atmosphere. Due to this property they provide a strong and solid building.

Utility sand

Utility sand is a type of sand used in construction. This type of sand is made from high quality industrial quartz. Due to its uniform particle shape, this type of construction sand offers excellent compaction and excellent mechanical properties. Because it is non-reactive, it can be used in corrosive environments. They contain 100% natural minerals that provide excellent durability and stability to the building.

Fill sand

Fill sand is a type of sand that is mainly used for construction for fill. It is a combination of many sand grains and aggregates. It consists of very fine rock particles that have been destroyed and eroded. Mainly used as a base material for concrete laying, paving, filling large holes, etc. Its property of good compaction makes it an ideal base material for several purposes during building construction. By acting as a backfill around the septic tank, it has many advantages when used in damp locations to solve drainage problems.

It is essential to consider certain factors when choosing the type of sand used to build a building. The sand should contain less than 3% silt, be free of organic matter and free of all kinds of impurities. In addition, different types of sand provide different properties that must be thoroughly analyzed before being used in construction. Listed above are some of the best types of sand used in building construction. Choose sand suitable for strong construction.

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